Install from VirtualBox ?
If you are like me, you have got plenty of hard drives hanging around and never got an optical drive or an usb stick. One thing that could reveal itself to be hard is installing a new Operating System on any machine without any of the two I mentionned earlier.
In this short tips and tricks post, I will show you how you can use VirtualBox raw disks feature (I guess here for compatibility with VMWare) to install a new Operating System from your old one (yes, without the 10 minutes part were you can do nothing else with your computer).
What you will need in order for this to work :
- a Linux setup with root access (sudoing will be fine)
- a second hard drive where you want to put your brand new Operating System
- ISO file of the OS you want to install
First of all, install VirtualBox on your system (
apt-get, whatever your package system is).
Then you will need to find out what is the identifier of the drive you want to use as a new (
sudo fdisk -l can tell you everything you need to know about your disks).
In my example lets say I want to install on a 300GB hard drive, I got this
cgatay@cgatay2:~$ sudo fdisk -l [sudo] password for cgatay: Disk /dev/sda: 251.1 GB, 251059544064 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 30522 cylinders, total 490350672 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0x000efa30 Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sda1 * 2048 489302015 244649984 83 Linux /dev/sda2 489304062 490348543 522241 5 Extended /dev/sda5 489304064 490348543 522240 82 Linux swap / Solaris Disk /dev/sdb: 400.1 GB, 400088457216 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 48641 cylinders, total 781422768 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0x0003f041 Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdb1 * 63 390627047 195313492+ 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT /dev/sdb2 390627048 781422767 195397860 c W95 FAT32 (LBA) Disk /dev/sdc: 1000.2 GB, 1000204886016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 121601 cylinders, total 1953525168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0x00048185 Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdc1 * 2048 499711 248832 83 Linux /dev/sdc2 499712 1952790527 976145408 83 Linux /dev/sdc3 1952792574 1953523711 365569 5 Extended /dev/sdc5 1952792576 1953523711 365568 82 Linux swap / Solaris Disk /dev/sdd: 300.1 GB, 300090728448 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 36483 cylinders, total 586114704 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0x000cb074 Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdd1 * 2048 574060543 287029248 83 Linux /dev/sdd2 574062590 586113023 6025217 5 Extended /dev/sdd5 574062592 586113023 6025216 82 Linux swap / Solaris
The interesting line is the one stating
Disk /dev/sdd: 300.1 GB. From now on I will use /dev/sdd as the target of my install.
For the rest of the commands to work you need to run everything as root (by sudoing), I think there is more “cleaner” way of doing this by correctly setting
suid flags but I did not took the time to look after this.
You need to create the hard disk file that will point to your physical install, then launch VirtualBox as root (there is a lot of chances that your regular user can’t do everything he wants on a device):
sudo VBoxManage internalcommands createrawvmdk -filename disk.vmdk -rawdisk /dev/sdd; #replace /dev/sdd with your device sudo VirtualBox;
From there, this is a simple VirtualBox machine setup, you just need to select the created disk.vmdk file for the hard disk of your Virtual Machine, mount the ISO and proceed with the install. At the end of the install, you can shut down the VirtualMachine, reboot your computer and use the boot selection menu of your bios (or change the boot order) to boot directly on your newly installed system.
If you are on a Linux system, you can issue a
update-grub that will detect all your operating systems and will create the boot menu (you can still boot your old one this way).
This method has been tested multiple times for installing Windows as well as Linuxes without any hurt. However, it might kill kitten or trigger a nuclear war if used incorrectly, in such cases, I decline responsibility.
As a side note, I think a Linux host is not required, you can achieve the same with a Windows operating system, the command line surely just need some improvements to point to the physical disk.